Rescale 미팅 예약

경제

유럽 ​​지역에 대한 신뢰 증가

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1.4월 경제 심리 지표(ESI)는 EU(90.6으로)와 유로 지역(89.2로)에서 모두 1포인트 증가했습니다2.5. EU에서는 서비스, 건설, 소매 무역 및 소비자 사이에서 신뢰도가 향상되었지만 산업 분야에서는 약간 악화되었습니다. 유로 지역에서는 건설, 서비스 및 소비자들 사이에서 신뢰도가 높아졌고 산업 및 소매 무역에서는 큰 변화가 없었습니다. 두 지역 모두에서 ESI는 1.0개월 연속 상승했지만 장기 평균에는 훨씬 못 미쳤습니다. 0.5대 EU 회원국 중 ESI는 독일(+0.5), 네덜란드(+0.3), 스페인( +1.3) 및 영국(+XNUMX). 이탈리아에서는 변동이 없었고 프랑스에서는 대체로 안정세(-XNUMX)를 유지한 반면 폴란드에서는 악화(-XNUMX)했습니다.

Confidence in industry deteriorated slightly in the EU (-0.5) and remained broadly stable in the euro area (+0.3). The benign development in the euro area is due to more positive assessments of stocks of finished products and better production expectations, while the assessment of the current level of overall order books deteriorated. In the EU, the decline in confidence was driven by more negative assessments of stocks of finished products and current levels of overall order books, while production expectations remained unchanged. In both areas, the current level of export order books was assessed markedly more negatively. Managers’ assessment of their companies’ past production improved slightly in the euro area and remained unchanged in the EU.

Confidence in services increased (markedly) in the EU (+3.7) and the euro area (+1.0), fuelled by higher demand expectations and a better assessment of the past business situation. Managers’ views on past demand improved in the EU and remained broadly stable in the euro area. Confidence in retail trade increased in the EU (+0.8) and remained broadly unchanged in the euro area (+0.3). In the EU, business expectations improved and the volume of stocks was seen more positively while the perceived present business situation remained broadly stable. In the euro area, the strong increase in the expected business situation more than offset the more negative assessments of the current volume of stocks and present business situation. Confidence in the construction sector improved markedly in both the EU (+3.9) and the euro area (+4.6). In both areas, the increase was driven by both components of the confidence indicator, i.e. order books and employment expectations.

고용 전망은 두 지역의 모든 부문에서 덜 비관적으로 평가되었습니다. 그러나 유로 지역의 산업 및 서비스 부문에서는 개선이 미미했습니다. 판매 가격 기대치는 가격 인상을 예상한 EU 소매업체를 제외하고 두 지역 및 부문 전체에서 감소했습니다.

Consumer confidence increased in both the EU (+2.0) and the euro area (+2.4). These developments are underpinned by all components. In both regions, pessimism about the future general economic situation and unemployment trends eased significantly and respondents’ expectations about their households’ financial situation and their savings over the next 12 months improved.

Confidence in financial services, which is not included in the ESI, increased in both the EU (+1.0) and the euro area (+2.6). The increases were driven mainly by improved assessments of past demand and significantly better demand expectations. Managers’ assessment of the past business situation improved in the euro area and deteriorated in the EU.

In the quarterly survey of the manufacturing industry, carried out in January, industrial managers in the EU and the euro area reported no changes in the number of months of production assured by orders on hand compared with the previous survey carried out in October. However, their assessment of new orders was much more positive and export volume expectations were significantly higher. Managers’ appraisal of their competitive position on foreign markets outside the EU improved in the EU but deteriorated in the euro area. The balance of managers reporting more than sufficient, rather than insufficient, production capacity decreased. Accordingly, capacity utilisation improved slightly, to 77.6% in the EU and 77.2% in the euro area.

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