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순환 경제

순환 경제 : 정의, 중요성 및 이점 

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Parliament wants Europeans to switch to a circular economy by using raw materials more efficiently and reducing waste, 경제

순환 경제: 비디오와 인포그래픽을 통해 그것이 무엇을 의미하는지, 그것이 당신, 환경 및 우리 경제에 어떤 혜택을 주는지 알아보십시오.

유럽 ​​연합은 그 이상을 생산합니다. 매년 2.5 억 톤의 폐기물. 현재 업데이트 중입니다. legislation on waste management to promote a shift to a more sustainable model known as the circular economy.

그러나 순환 경제는 정확히 무엇을 의미합니까? 그리고 이점은 무엇입니까?

순환 경제 란?

순환 경제는 생산 및 소비 모델, 공유, 임대, 재사용, 수리, 재가공 및 기존 재료와 제품을 최대한 오랫동안 재활용하는 것을 포함합니다. 이 방법으로 제품의 수명이 연장됩니다.

실제로는 다음을 의미합니다. 낭비 감소 to a minimum. When a product reaches the end of its life, its materials are kept within the economy wherever possible thanks to recycling. These can be productively used again and again, thereby 더 많은 가치를 창출.

광고

이는 기존의 틀에서 벗어나 선의 가져가고 소비하고 버리는 패턴에 기반한 경제 모델. 이 모델은 대량의 저렴하고 쉽게 접근할 수 있는 재료와 에너지에 의존합니다.

또한이 모델의 일부는 계획적 진부화, 소비자가 다시 구매하도록 장려하기 위해 제한된 수명을 갖도록 제품이 설계된 경우. 유럽 ​​의회는 이러한 관행을 해결하기위한 조치를 촉구했습니다.

Access to the infographic: Infographic 

Benefits: Why do we need to switch to a circular economy?

환경을 보호하기 위해

Reusing and recycling products would slow down the use of natural resources, reduce landscape and habitat disruption and help to limit 생물 다양성 손실.

Another benefit from the circular economy is a reduction in total annual greenhouse gas emissions. According to the European Environment Agency, industrial processes and product use are responsible for 9.10% of greenhouse gas emissions in the EU, while the management of waste accounts for 3.32%.

Creating more efficient and sustainable products from the start would help to reduce energy and resource consumption, as it is estimated that more than 80% of a product's environmental impact is determined during the design phase.

A shift to more reliable products that can be reused, upgraded and repaired would reduce the amount of waste. Packaging is a growing issue and, on average, the average European generates nearly 180 kilos of packaging waste per year. The aim is to tackle excessive packaging and improve its design to promote reuse and recycling.

Reduce raw material dependence

세계 인구가 증가하고 있으며 원자재에 대한 수요도 증가하고 있습니다. 그러나 중요한 원자재의 공급은 제한적입니다.

Finite supplies also means some EU countries are dependent on other countries for their raw materials. According to Eurostat, the EU imports about half of the raw materials it consumes.

전체 value of trade (import plus exports) of raw materials between the EU and the rest of the world has almost tripled since 2002, with exports growing faster than imports. Regardless, the EU still imports more than it exports. In 2021, this resulted in a trade deficit of €35.5 billion.

Recycling raw materials mitigates the risks associated with supply, such as price volatility, availability and import dependency.

This especially applies to 중요한 원료, needed for the production of technologies that are crucial for achieving climate goals, such as 배터리 and electric engines.

Create jobs and save consumers money

Moving towards a more circular economy could increase competitiveness, stimulate innovation, boost economic growth and create jobs (700,000 년까지 EU에서만 2030 개의 일자리).

Redesigning materials and products for circular use would also boost innovation across different sectors of the economy.

Consumers will be provided with more durable and innovative products that will increase the quality of life and save them money in the long term.

What is the EU doing to become a circular economy?

In March 2020, the European Commission presented the circular economy action plan,  which aims to promote more sustainable product design, reduce waste and empower consumers, for example by creating a 수리 할 권리). There is a focus on resource intensive sectors, such as 전자 및 ICT, 플라스틱, 섬유 및 건설.

In February 2021, the Parliament adopted a resolution on the 새로운 순환 경제 행동 계획 demanding additional measures to achieve a carbon-neutral, environmentally sustainable, toxic-free and fully circular economy by 2050, including tighter recycling rules and binding targets for materials use and consumption 2030에 의해.

In March 2022, the Commission released the first package of measures to speed up the transition towards a circular economy, as part of the circular economy action plan. The proposals include boosting sustainable products, empowering consumers for the green transition, reviewing construction product regulation, and creating a strategy on sustainable textiles.

In November 2022, the Commission proposed new EU-wide rules on packaging. It aims to reduce packaging waste and improve packaging design, with for example clear labelling to promote reuse and recycling; and calls for a transition to bio-based, biodegradable and compostable plastics.

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