Rescale 미팅 예약

코로나 바이러스

러시아는 COVID 조수가 계속 상승함에 따라 실수와 백신 거부의 비용을 계산합니다

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Ambulance attendant Roman Stebakov has come face-to-face with COVID-19 many times – but he’d rather take his chances with the disease than get himself injected with Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine, Anton Zverev, Angelina Kazakova, Gleb Stolyarov, Mark Trevelyan, 폴리나 니콜스 카야막심 셰메토프.

“I won’t get vaccinated until, I don’t know, they break me and vaccinate me by force. I don’t see the point in it, there are no guarantees it’s safe,” says the paramedic from Oryol, 300 km (185 miles) south of Moscow.

Outside one of the city’s hospitals, a young woman, Alina, is clutching a bunch of papers certifying her grandmother’s death. The old woman was unvaccinated and died of COVID-19 three weeks after being admitted.

But despite her loss, Alina, 26, says she won’t take the vaccine because she has heard too many scare stories.

“There’s not enough data, not enough checks.”

Their attitudes help explain why the first nation in the world to approve a COVID-19 vaccine – and then export it to more than 70 countries – is struggling to inoculate its own population and has racked up record 24-hour death tolls on 21 days in the past month.

의사와 관리들은 로이터와의 대화에서 질병 확산을 촉진하고 러시아가 대유행 초기 이후 가장 엄격한 제한 조치로 되돌아가도록 강요한 여러 요인을 제거했습니다. 더 읽기

광고

Besides vaccine hesitancy, they cited mixed messaging from the authorities, inconsistent policies, unreliable statistics and attempts to shift responsibility away from Moscow and on to the leaders of Russia’s republics and regions.

보건부는 이 이야기에 대한 논평 요청에 즉시 응답하지 않았습니다.

구급차에서 기다리는 중

At Oryol’s Botkin Hospital, chief physician Alexander Lyalyukhin traced the origin of the latest and most virulent COVID wave to three weeks after the start of the school year in September. At that point some Russian regions sent students home for remote learning. Oryol, like most others, kept schools open.

병원에는 마취과 의사와 전염병 전문의가 부족하다. 대부분의 코로나 환자는 산소 지원이 필요하고 공급이 부족합니다.

“Perhaps because the virus is more aggressive. We sometimes have fewer patients than there were in winter, but they consume more oxygen, by about a third,” Lyalyukhin said.

구급차 구급대원인 드미트리 세레긴(Dmitry Seregin)은 환자들이 구급차에서 일반적으로 몇 시간을 기다린다고 말했습니다.

“The healthcare system cannot withstand such an influx. This wave is more than twice as strong in terms of the number of cases and the severity of the disease,” he said.

지역 보건부 부국장인 블라디미르 니콜라예프는 로이터 통신에 아직 이용 가능한 침대가 있으며 산소가 필요한 환자들이 침대를 받고 있다고 말했습니다.

“Unfortunately, if we’d carried out active vaccination we might not be in this situation,” he said.

What Oryol is experiencing is typical of the country as a whole. The latest official figures on Monday showed the region ranked 40th out of Russia’s 85 territories for new cases, with 326 in the previous 24 hours, and five new deaths.

지난 주 기준으로 오룔에서는 거의 38%의 사람들이 첫 번째 접종을 받았는데, 이는 전국적으로 39.4%에 비해 높은 수치입니다.

In Seregin’s view, the low rates are down to official miscommunication about the vaccine. At first authorities said the injection would be good for two years, then they told people it would need renewing after six months, he said.

“Statements appear with different information from the very same people, and these make people distrustful of the state.”

A source who previously worked in the COVID operations centre of one of Russia’s regions said the country had locked down early at the start of the pandemic but then blundered by declaring victory too soon and going ahead with a national referendum in June 2020 on constitutional changes to allow President Vladimir Putin to run for potentially two more terms in office.

“We kind of drew a line on the coronavirus, vaccinations, masks and all the rest of it. And now we have what we have – an insane mountain of corpses,” the source said.

신뢰할 수 없는 데이터

Official figures on the pandemic’s toll vary widely.

중앙방역대책본부에 따르면 월요일 기준 누적 사망자는 239,693만XNUMX명이다. 주 통계청은 이 수치를 거의 두 배나 높게 보고 있습니다. 더 읽기 , 462,000년 2020월부터 2021년 632,000월까지 약 2015명으로 집계된 반면, 로이터는 같은 기간 러시아의 초과 사망자 수가 2019~XNUMX년 평균 사망률과 비교하면 XNUMX명 이상이라고 계산했습니다.

일부 전문가들은 사망자에 대한 과소보고가 사람들을 안일하게 만들었다고 말합니다.

“People think what’s the point of me running away from it if it’s no more scary than the flu,” said Elena Shuraeva, head of the Oryol doctor’s trade union.

Her husband Aleksei Timoshenko, a doctor at the COVID hospital, said the picture he sees at work was 6-7 times worse than implied by official figures. “And now people are afraid, they really see that many are getting sick and many are dying,” he said.

이 모든 것이 푸틴 대통령에게 딜레마를 안겨줍니다. 푸틴 대통령은 사람들에게 백신 접종을 거듭 촉구했지만 지난달 자신의 친구들 중 일부도 백신 접종을 미루었다고 말했습니다.

A source close to the Kremlin said there was evidence that the latest restrictions – which include a nationwide workplace shutdown this week and increasing requirements for people to prove their vaccine status to get access to certain venues – was prompting an increase in take-up. Oryol’s governor Andrei Klychkov said people were being vaccinated three times faster than before.

The source close to the Kremlin said compulsory vaccination was out of the question because it would rebound on the government. “It will be seen as an attack on freedom. And that, you know, could be like a powder keg.”

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