Rescale 미팅 예약


A Russian trace is likely to undermine the head of the Ukrainian Central Bank Andriy Pyshnyy’s future




이미 EU 기자 조사를 발표하다 유명한 우크라이나 언론인을 인용 한 우크라이나 국립 은행의 새로운 수장에 대해 세르이 랴메츠. After the publication, S.Lyamets submitted to us his separate article – published below – about suspicions of some banking malpractices, which are important as we talk about the head of the central bank and the family of Ukrainian businessmen strongly associated with former Russian president Medvedev.

A Russian trace is likely to undermine the head of the Ukrainian Central Bank Andriy Pyshnyy’s future, writes 세르이 랴메츠.

"러시아의 침략과 유럽의 제재가 가해지는 시기에 이러한 순간을 간과할 수 없습니다.. 한때 우크라이나 대중 매체에 의해 널리 보도되었던 우크라이나 국립 은행 (NBU)의 현재 책임자의 활동에 에피소드가있었습니다. 2020년 Andriy Pishny는 국영 Oschadbank를 이끌면서 다소 의심스러운 금융 거래를 수행했습니다. 몇 년이 지났지만 이러한 거래는 제대로 조사되지 않았습니다. 또한 Pishny는 NBU의 책임자가되었습니다.

러시아 전쟁 당시에는 조사해야 할 다른 중요한 문제가 있을 수 있지만 이것이 바로 우리가 이 이야기로 돌아와야 하는 이유입니다. 그 이유는 거래가 악명 높은 러시아 관리인 Dmitri Medvedev 전 러시아 대통령의 친척으로 간주되는 상대와 이루어 졌기 때문입니다. 그는 핵폭탄으로 우크라이나와 서방을 위협할 공개적인 기회를 결코 놓치지 않았습니다. 한편, 우크라이나 법 집행 기관이 제대로 조사하지 못한 의심스러운 거래로 인해 그의 친척으로 추정되는 우크라이나에서 번영합니다. 

The story is about a loan for the construction of one of the largest office and shopping centres in Kyiv “Gulliver”. It belongs to “Three O” LLC, which in 2006 received initial 61.6 million USD of loans provided by the state-owned “Oschadbank” and “Ukreximbank”. Andriy Pyshniy who is now head of the NBU then occupied the position of the first deputy chairman at the board of “Oschadbank”. He was actively engaged in the deal in person and even gave comments to Russian Kommersant on that loan.

Subsequently, the debt increased to more than 200 million dollars, and according to some sources – even to $441 million. Most of the funding was provided by “Oschadbank” ($353 million), and approximately a quarter of the investment was made by another state-owned bank – “Ukreximbank”.


Previous beneficiaries of the complex were Vagif Aliyev, Oleksiy Kucherenko and Serhiy Veselov . But in 2012, the then unfinished ” Gulliver ” was purchased by Viktor Polishchuk, the owner to the chain of electronics and household appliances stores “Technopolis”. This deal was approved by “Kommersant” investigation.

Today, the official owner of the “Three O” LLC is a bunch of offshore companies and one physical Vyacheslav Ignatenko. But as it follows from an investigation by NGO “Nashi ” (“Our Money”), Viktor Polishchuk and his wife Lilia Rezvaya remained the real owners of the Gulliver shopping centre. Probably they still own it.

Viktor Polishchuk is not only known as the owner of the Technopolis network, which he merged with the Eldorado network after its acquisition in 2013. The businessman also owned the bankrupt “Mykhailivskyi” bank, which left behind thousands of defrauded customers, causing losses to the Ukrainian state of billions of hryvnias. But even this fact is not the most compromising.

Polishchuk’s wife, Lilia Rezvaya , is often referred to as the niece of Svitlana Medvedeva, the wife of the ex-president of the Russian Federation. Now Dmytro Medvedev is the Deputy Chairman of the Security Council of the Russian Federation, and one of the main supporters of Vladimir Putin , wanted by the Hague Criminal Court for crimes against Ukrainian children. Medvedev regularly threatens the West and Ukraine with nuclear attacks and is one of the most prominent hawks supporting the war.

Actually, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine began not in 2022 but in 2014 with the annexation of Crimea and the occupation of Donbas.

그래서 2020년 Andriy Pishnyi와 Oschadbank의 관리들은 Medvedev가 크림 반도 합병과 우크라이나 동부에서의 적대 행위를 지원한다는 사실을 모르고 있을 수 없었습니다. Pyshniy는 또한 Polishchuk과 Medvedev 가족 사이의 추정되는 연결에 대해 알 수 있었는데 이는 우크라이나의 Polichinelle의 비밀이기 때문입니다. Polishchuk과 Rezvaya는 메드베데프와의 가족 관계를 인정한 적이 없지만 우크라이나 언론에서는 알려져 있습니다. 그들은 전 러시아 대통령과의 친밀한 관계 때문에 그 중요성을 입증하기 위해 이러한 소문을 사용할 수 있습니다.

따라서 전 러시아 대통령과 차용인이 직접 연결되어 있음에도 불구하고 매우 의심스러운 조건으로 광범위한 부채 구조 조정에 참여한 국영 은행은 매우 부끄럽습니다.

Repayment of the debt for building up “Gulliver” was supposed to take place in 2025. However, after the 2014-2016 crisis, Polishchuk stopped paying the debt. Media said that was not for the reason he had no money. That was rather his way of making business. In October 2016, the head of the National Bank of Ukraine Valeria Gontareva officially stated that Polishchuk owed Ukrainian banks and the Individual Deposit Guarantee Fund UAH 23 billion. It was stated that the funds were precisely “withdrawn” from his bank “Mykhailivskyi” through different suspicious schemes. The bank went bankrupt, the NBU recorded billion-dollar frauds with clients’ funds. The Verkhovna Rada even got forced to pass a special law in order to repay the debts to thousands of defrauded bank depositors at the expense of the state. But no proper reaction by authorities followed.  Surprisingly, Polishchuk’s name did not ever get into the list of suspects in that case. Moreover, it is still not there. It’s still unknown whether it was corruption at the level of public officials or a opportunistic political decision due to family ties of the Polishchuk family.

In November 2016 “Gulliver” ownership was arrested as part of the bankruptcy case of “Mykhailivskyi” bank. In order to decouple profit making business centre and bankrupted bank Polishchuk denied owning Gulliver, assured that he “was never the owner of the company “Three O” and called the arrest a “surprise”. “Gulliver does not belong to me. I cannot say what procedural actions the prosecutor’s office was guided by,” Polishchuk said 인터뷰에서. But he officially recognized that his wife, whom media already recognized as a relative of Medvedev, “manages” the Gulliver.

그러나 Gulliver의 부채에 관한 협상은 Polishchuk 자신이 수행했습니다. 에 따르면 우크라이나 언론, 2018년에 Oschadbank는 Gulliver, Diesa LLC, Technopolis-1 LLC, Techenergotrade LLC 등 Polishchuk과 관련된 여러 회사의 부채를 재구성했습니다. 따라서 Gulliver의 부채 재구성은 Andriy Pyshny와의 유일한 협력 사례가 아닙니다. .

In September 2016 the former Ministry of Finance official provided information  Oschadbank loan to relative of Medvedev was 460 million dollars while the market value of the mortgaged property was barely half of this amount. Indeed, in the extract from the register of property rights to real estate, the sum of the debt was 440.99 million dollars – 352.79 million dollars – to “Oschadbank” and 88.2 million dollars – to “Ukreximbank”.

3 월 2016, the “Weekly Mirror ” newspaper 걸리버 소유주에 대한 대출은 놀라울 정도로 낮은 9%로 책정된 반면 시장 금리는 30%에 달했고 지불 기간은 2025년 XNUMX월까지 연장되었는데 이는 우크라이나 시장에서 매우 이례적인 일입니다.

Andriy Pyshnyi, who was already in charge of Oschadbank, refrained from commenting to journalists why Gulliver owners received such a preferential treatment but later mentioned that “all decisions on loans were made by the credit committee and the board of the bank are with the participation of the NBU representatives”. So, he basically refused to take responsibility for such a suspicious decision.

그러나 그것이 이야기의 끝이 아니었습니다.

In 2018, it turned out that again, despite of these exceptional conditions, debts were not paid. State banks initiated an auction to sell mortgaged property for those loans, in particular, the Gulliver shopping centre. In the fall of 2018, “Oschadbank” and “Ukreximbank” offered for sale the rights and claims for loans secured by the property of the Gulliver shopping centre. The starting price was UAH 18.2 billion.

그러나 당시에는 경매가 이루어지지 않았습니다. 대신 이상한 일이 벌어졌다. 2020년에는 investigative journalist group “Our Money” published an extract from the state register of property rights to immovable property, which provides information about the debt of Gulliver to Oschadbank for 537.2 million dollars, and to Ukreximbank – for 137.8 million dollars (i.e. in total – 675 million USD). So, the total debt due to the Polishchuk project to two state banks reached 674.99 million USD.

So, despite of such a bad credit history of Polishchuk and Gulliver in 2020, Oshchadbank of Andriy Pyshnyi not only postponed debt repayment but even increased lending time. Moreover, Gulliver received new, fantastic Ukrainian market conditions for new loans. According to the published documents, the company’s debt to state-owned banks repayment term was extended to January 2044, and the loan rate was set at the level of 3.65% in all currencies.

What could that deal for Polishchuk mean in the realities of Ukrainian business? Restructuring by 2044 effectively can be explained as the loan will never be repaid. The interest rates provided were openly non-market. Such a generous offer could never be obtained by even the most profitable business in Ukraine. That fact brings up the suspicion that Andrii Pishny arranged a behind-the-scenes restructuring by special arrangement. Considering that “Oschadbank” belongs to the state, we can suspect corruption at extremely high level. It is not a surprise that because of such loans, Oshchadbank has one of the worst market results and regularly demands the owner – the Ukrainian government – to provide it with yet another subsidy from the state budget.

의혹이 맞다면 우크라이나 납세자들이 전 러시아 대통령의 친인척에게 개인 재산을 지원했다는 뜻이다.

그러한 이야기는 조사를 받아야 했고 책임자는 처벌을 받아야 했습니다. 그러나 이 경우 결과는 매우 달랐다. 국영 Oschadbank Andrii Pyshnyi 이사회 의장은 그의 전임자 두 명이 임기가 끝나기 전에 자리를 떠나야 하고 두 사람 모두 정치적 압력으로 대통령직을 비난한 후 우크라이나 중앙은행 회장으로 승진했습니다. . 따라서 그러한 "신용 기록"을 가진 사람을 NBU 책임자의 위치에 두는 것은 우크라이나의 국제 파트너에게 경고가 될 수 있습니다.

Ukrainian authorities now sanctioned their own and foreign citizens rather harshly, often after only on the assumption of them cooperating with the Russian Federation. In this case, we have strong facts that both the Ukrainian and the Western authorities should investigate very thoroughly.”

저자,  세르이 랴메츠, 유명한 우크라이나 언론인입니다..

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