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핵무기 반대 국제적 행동에서 카자흐스탄의 역할

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원자 프로젝트-3Kazakhstan’s efforts to advance global nuclear disarmament overall and specifically through The ATOM Project were in focus of German politicians and experts who came together for a Dec. 3 conference in Berlin at one of this country’s most respected institutions. The conference, titled ‘Kazakhstan’s Role in Global Action against Nuclear Weapons’ took place at the Academy of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and also featured a photo and art exhibition detailing the consequences of Soviet-era nuclear tests at Kazakhstan’s now-closed Semipalatinsk nuclear test site.

Members of the German Bundestag, representatives of ministries and government departments, members of Germany’s socio-political and scientific communities, NGOs and the media attended the event organised jointly by the Embassy of Kazakhstan in Germany and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation. Ambassador of Kazakhstan to Germany Nurlan Onzhanov, Ambassador-at-large of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Roman Vassilenko, as well as the ATOM Project Honorary Ambassador and renowned Kazakh painter Karipbek Kuyukov presented the vision and the steps Astana has been pursuing in this arena.

The conference was well received by the German public and political circles, as well as antinuclear organisations, which expressed broad support for The ATOM Project, an initiative of President Nursultan Nazarbayev, as well as Kazakhstan’s nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation efforts as a whole. Nazarbayev announced the launch of The ATOM project in a speech at an international parliamentary conference in Astana on Aug. 29, 2012 as a mechanism to generate global public support for a final and irrevocable ban on nuclear weapons testing and for the ultimate eradication of nuclear weapons.

원자 2

Before the start of the Dec. 3 conference in Berlin, a video produced by The ATOM Project was shown detailing Kazakhstan’s nuclear weapons legacy inherited from the former Soviet Union as well as the horrific consequences of nuclear testing in Kazakhstan, which adversely affected the health and fate of more than one and a half million people in the region.

광고

In his remarks to the conference, Frank Priess, director for European and International Cooperation at the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, praised Kazakhstan’s role in global nuclear disarmament and stressed the timeliness and practical goals of The ATOM Project in the international anti-nuclear weapons effort.

Ambassador Onzhanov re-marked on the global and historical significance of President Nazarbayev’s decision to close the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site and unilaterally disarm what was then the world’s fourth largest nuclear arsenal. The Kazakh diplomat also drew attention to the harmful humanitarian, economic and environmental effects of nuclear testing in Kazakhstan.

Vassilenko 대사는 행사에서 ATOM 프로젝트를 발표하면서 이 이니셔티브에 대한 광범위한 국제적 지원이 지속적으로 증가하고 있음을 언급했습니다. Vassilenko에 따르면 100개 이상의 국가에서 온 사람들이 이미 세계 지도자들이 핵 실험을 중단하고 포괄적 핵 실험 금지 조약(CTBT)을 발효할 것을 촉구하는 온라인 청원에 서명했습니다.

Support from the international community for Kazakhstan’s ef-forts can also be seen in the unanimous adoption in 2009 by the UN General Assembly, on the initiative of Kazakhstan, of a resolution declaring Aug. 29, the day of the closure of the Semipalatinsk test site in 1991, the International Day Against Nuclear Tests.

바실렌코는 또한 나자르바예프 대통령이 제시한 핵 군축 사례는 테러 조직의 핵무기 확산과 핵 획득으로 여전히 위협을 받고 있는 현대 세계와 특히 관련이 있다고 언급했습니다.

회의 패널 토론에서 크리스토프 아이히호른 독일 군축 및 군비 통제 부국장은 이 문제에 대해 양국 외무부가 공유하는 견해의 유사성을 언급하고 글로벌 핵 군축을 위한 다자간 노력 구축의 중요성을 강조했습니다. 독일 외교관은 2012년 아스타나에서 열린 국제 회의에서 귀도 베스터웰레 독일 외무장관이 참석한 결과를 높이 평가했습니다.

Bundestag Deputy Jiirgen Klimke, in warmly welcoming the Kazakh delegation on behalf of the German parliament, praised Kazakhstan’s steps in promoting the idea of global nuclear non-proliferation. He noted that Kazakhstan takes active and concrete actions according to the “do good things and speak about them” principle. Noting the dynamic and progressive development of economic cooperation between Kazakhstan and Germany, Klimke also stressed the importance of further joint efforts and close cooperation between the two states in the international arena in nuclear disarmament.

At the end of the event, ATOM Project Honorary Ambassador Kuyukov presented his paintings and reminded the audience of the tragic consequences of nuclear testing, which have impacted the lives of people in Kazakhstan, including his family. He urged support for The ATOM Project and Kazakhstan’s efforts to permanently end nuclear weapons testing and to free the world from all nuclear weapons.

콘라드 아데나워 재단은 독일에서 가장 큰 정치 기관이며 집권 기민당(CDU)의 견해와 정신을 밀접하게 고수합니다. 이러한 권위 있는 정치단체에서 회의를 개최한 것은 독일 시민계와 정치계가 카자흐스탄의 반핵 이니셔티브에 대한 폭넓은 지지를 나타냈고 양국이 이 분야에서 협력을 지속할 수 있는 견고한 기반을 마련한 것입니다.

이날 토론회에서는 독일 주둔 미국 전술핵무기의 미래, 유럽 국가와 러시아의 안보 우려, 이란 핵 프로그램 타결의 미래, 카자흐스탄 핵실험 생존자 지원 노력 등 핵군축 의제와 관련된 주요 이슈들이 다루어졌다.

“We all remember the famous Reagan-Gorbachev era expression ‘Trust but Verify’ Vassilenko said during the discussion moderated by one of Germany’s most respected and experienced reporters, Gunter Knabe. “In modern circumstances, however, it would be perhaps more appropriate to say, ‘Verify but Trust,’ as it is obvious that the lack of trust, regionally and globally, is continuing to be the biggest factor hampering further meaningful steps along the road of global nuclear disarmament. As President Nazarbayev has said on numerous occasions, what is needed now more than ever is more trust among nations and peoples.”

“That is why we call and will continue to call for ‘vertrauen, vertrauen und vertrauen’,” Vassilenko said, meaning ‘trust, trust, and trust’.”

By George D Gleboff – 아스타나 시간

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