Rescale 미팅 예약

남수단

EU와 언론 등 국제사회, 수단의 '집단 학살'에 대해 '깨어나라' 촉구

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The conflict in Sudan has been branded as “genocide” but is something that the West remains “indifferent” too, a conference in Brussels was told.

The event, at the city’s press club on 23 November, heard that “hundreds” of innocent people are being killed on a daily basis but the international community has remained relatively “silent” in its condemnation of the atrocities. 

The EU and Europe may yet regret such alleged “indifference” if the fighting spills over into neighbouring states and sparks another wave of migration to the EU, the debate heard.

수단은 아프리카 북동부에 위치하고 있으며 면적이 1.9만 평방킬로미터에 달하는 대륙에서 가장 큰 국가 중 하나입니다. 세계보건기구(WHO)에 따르면 최근 내전이 나라 곳곳에서 급속도로 확대되어 400명 이상의 민간인이 사망했습니다. 

수단-아랍 민병대인 수단 신속 지원군(RSF)은 도시의 대다수 아프리카 민족 부족을 50일 이상 공격한 혐의를 받고 있습니다. 

RSF는 주로 아랍 단체와 잔자위드(Janjaweed)로 알려진 아랍 연합 민병대에서 구성된 준군사 조직입니다. 2013년에 결성되었으며 인종 청소 혐의로 기소된 다르푸르의 반군과 잔인하게 싸웠던 악명 높은 잔자위드 민병대에서 유래되었습니다. RSF는 120년 2019월 XNUMX명 이상의 시위대를 학살하는 등 인권 유린 혐의로 기소됐다. 

The debate on Thursday (23 November) heard from M’backe N’diaye (사진), 아프리카 정책 및 사헬 지역 전문가는 기자들에게 현재의 싸움이 국가를 더욱 분열시키고 정치적 혼란을 악화시키며 이웃 국가를 끌어들일 수 있다는 우려가 있다고 말했습니다. 

광고

영국, 미국, 유럽연합(EU)은 모두 휴전을 요구하고 위기를 해결하기 위한 대화를 나눴으며 이제 많은 국가들이 자국민을 구출하는 데 주력하고 있습니다.

N’Diaye said, “You wouldn’t know it from the news, but Sudan is sliding into the jaws of genocide.”

He said there was a “strange silence” from the international community and, in particular, the world’s media about current events in the country.

최근 몇 주 동안 27개가 넘는 마을이 학살당했고 수천 명이 학살당했으며, 가족이 살해되고 시체가 밖에서 썩고 있으며 위성 이미지에 대량 무덤이 나타납니다. 피해자 중에는 여성과 어린이도 있다고 그는 말했다.

He said: “It’s already being called a genocide. But these mass atrocities are not in the news, and the world does almost nothing.

“The scale of Sudan’s crisis is staggering.”

이 행사는 브뤼셀에 본부를 둔 정책 연구소인 유럽 민주주의 재단(European Foundation for Democracy)에 의해 조직되었으며, 토론을 시작하는 EFD의 Roberta Bonazzi는 출석률이 일반적으로 토론에서 예상되는 수준보다 훨씬 적었다고 언급했습니다.

“This is a sign of the indifference towards this conflict and genocide,” she told the small audience.”

She added: “This silence is extremely remarkable  because there is a genocide happening against an ethnic minority that is being systematically eliminated and slaughtered.

“In spite of the gravity of the situation there are barely any voices speaking out against it apart from a recent statement from the European External Action Service. There has been little or no media coverage.

“What is also interesting is the few number of participants today which is telling.”

In a keynote address, N’diaye, whose work focuses on geopolitics and the history of regions, outlined current events and his assessment of the “media silence”.

He said: “It is terrifying  to see what is going on and the fact that nothing is being done to talk about all these murders.The aim seems to be to eliminate an entire ethic group and thousands are being  killed every day including children and women.

“The question is: why the silence by the international community? We see or hear nothing – just total silence  and this is disturbing not least when you see huge media coverage of Ukraine and Israel-Hamas in the mainstream media. No one says anything.”

“I ask myself: How do we make this problem known to the rest of the world?

“The number of of people dying is 3 to 4 times bigger than in other conflicts and is estimated that the figure could be 300,000 over the past 20 years.

“From time to time we do get some coverage but, even then, the focus is more on the economy than genocide which is another kind of injustice to the ethnic minority under attack.”

He was asked to explain what may be behind the apparent media indifference and, on this, he said that one possible reason is that working for the media in Sudan “is very difficult.”

The few in the media who do try cover the issue are probably located on the border or outside the country, he said. “But people are being killed and starving and no one is paying attention.”

“One problems is that West Sudan is like a no man’s land, with poor infrastructure and facilities, so it is hard for a foreigner to go there and do their job properly. That is a difference with, say, Ukraine. The war in Sudan is a war of poor people.”

Another possible reason for such “silence” in the international community is  the absence of a functioning civil society or media in the country.

“A strong  civil society is very important in a democracy but this does not exist there on anything like the same level as elsewhere. 

“Civil society in Africa barely exists as we know it in the West  and there is no altruism or philanthropy either. There is no big movement to say: we have to stop this and do something”

When asked by this site about seeming Western indifference, he said “Yes, you have to ask if the world really cares about Africa? It is a huge continent but it seems that, year after year, we just see one government toppled by another and countless coups. This is the perception and the problem we face in Africa generally.”

He added, “But we still have to do something and there is a lot we can do to bring some kind of justice to those affected. One thing that could happen is for the international community to rethink its approach to Sudan and Africa in general.”

Looking to the future, he suggested another option could be to “mobilise” those Sudanese people who have left the country.

“There is a South Sudanese diaspora in Europe and, while they want to start a new life, it could be that they can help raise awareness of the current issues.”

He warned, though, that Europe, with a “focus on internal security”, may only  become fully engaged if its own borders were to come under threat from current events in Sudan.

“If the problems in South Sudan spills over to its immediate neighbours that in turn could lead to a major migration issue for Europe so, yes, it is in Europe’s interests to do something and act now.”

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